Historical Chronology on AUGUST 22
1138. Battle of North Allerton, in England, and defeat of the Irish under king David.
1280. Nicholas(the 3rd) , pope, died. His reign is noted for a missionary expedition to Tartary.
1357. Isabella, queen of England, died in prison, where she had been confined 28 years.
1485. Battle of Bosworth field, in which the forces of Richard(the 3rd) were defeated and himself killed. The forces of Richard exceeded 16,000, while those of Richmond did not amount to 5,000. The battle lasted little more than two hours, and was determined by the defection of Stanley. He is the only English king since the conquest who fell in battle, and the second who fought in his crown.
1540. Burial of William BudÃ¦us, a learned French critic and commentator; styled by Erasmus Portentum GalliÃ¦(the prodigy of France).
1567. Capt. Gourges sailed from Bourdeaux to dislodge the Spaniards in Florida.(See May 3, 1568.)
1567. Murray proclaimed regent of Scotland.
1572. Thomas Percy, earl of Northumberland, beheaded at York.
1613. Dominique Baudius died; advocate of the parliament of Paris, and author of some Latin poems.
1615. Arthur Agard, a learned English antiquary, died.
1642. Charles(the 1st) of England erected the royal standard at Nottingham. It was supposed equivalent to a declaration of hostilities.
1650. Eusebius Andrews, an English barrister, and colonel in the army of Charles(the 1st), beheaded by Cromwell.
1651. Christopher Love was beheaded at Tower hill. His offence was a desire to restore monarchy, that presbyterianism might succeed.
1711. An expedition from New England against Quebec, frustrated by the loss of a number of transports among the rocks, at midnight, about 9 miles up Canada river. About 1000 men perished.
1711. Lewis Francis de Boufflers, a distinguished French military character, died. He was opposed to prince Eugene, and celebrated for his defence of Lisle.
1739. James Vaniere died; a French Jesuit and famous Latin poet.
1752. William Whiston, an eminent English divine, died. He was also a mathematician, and succeeded sir Isaac Newton as professor of mathematics at Cambridge.
1766. Philip Carteret sailed from England in the sloop-of-war Swallow, on his voyage round the world, in company with captain Wallis in the Dolphin. They parted company April 10, 1767; the latter returned in 1768, the former March 20, 1769.
1773. George Lyttleton, an elegant English poet, historian and miscellaneous writer, died.
1776. The British troops, 24,000, under lord and sir William Howe, landed on Long island, between Gravesend and Utrecht.
1777. The siege of fort Stanwix raised by Saint Leger, who retreated in great confusion, losing his tents, most of his artillery and stores.
1777. An unsuccessful attempt was made by general Sullivan and colonel Ogden on Staten island. The latter took 130 privates and some officers, burnt a magazine of hay and 7 vessels, and destroyed some stores, etc. The general deviated from his original plan, whence his enterprise was not so completely successful.
1778. Count d’Estaing sailed from Newport for Boston, which compelled general Sullivan to raise the siege of Newport and fall back; 2 or 3,000 volunteers having left him in consequence.
1779. General Williamson and colonel Pickens entered the Indian country, and burned about 50,000 bushels of corn in eight of their towns.
1779. Charles Clerke, the English circumnavigator, died of consumption off Kamschatka, and was buried at Paratounca. He had but a short time previous succeeded captain Cook in the command of the expedition.
1792. Longroy, in France, captured by Clairfait, with 3,500 troops and 71 cannon.
1795. French convention adopted a new constitution, by which a council of 500 was established, and a council of ancients consisting of 250.
1798. The French under general Humbert landed in Ireland and took possession of Killala.(18th.)
1808. Armistice signed by the French general Junot and sir Arthur Wellesley, by which the French agreed to evacuate Portugal.
1814. The inhabitants of Nantucket declared themselves neutral, under the protection of England. Same day 27 sail of square rigged British vessels arrived at Benedict; commodore Barney, in conformity to his orders blew up his flotilla and retreated to Nottingham. The British landed and marched to Marlborough.
1818. Warren Hastings, an English statesman and scholar, died. He was employed in the service of the East India company, and by oppression and injustice raised the revenue of the company from three to five millions pounds.
This content is taken from “The Every Day Book of History and Chronology”, Written by Joel Munsell.
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