The Jesuits have elected a Latin American as their new leader, breaking a tradition of European heads dating back to their foundation in 1540.
The Society of Jesus chose Arturo Sosa Abascal, 67, of Venezuela in a ballot on Friday to replace Adolfo Nicolas of Spain, who is retiring.
It is the largest order of priests and brothers in the Catholic Church.
Argentine Jorge Mario Bergoglio became the first Jesuit and Latin American Pope in 2013, taking the name Francis.
Father Sosa entered the Society of Jesus in 1966 and was ordained a priest in 1977, according to Catholic News Agency. It said he was appointed Superior of the Jesuits in Venezuela in 1996, guiding the nation through “the stormy waters” of Hugo Chavez’s leadership.
The Jesuits were founded in 1540 by St Ignatius of Loyola.
The highly influential order now numbers about 17,000 and its members have strong roles in education and on human rights issues.