Historical Chronology on SEPTEMBER 27
489. Theodoric, the Ostrogoth, defeated Odoacer, king of Italy, near Verona, who fled to Ravenna.
642. Sigebert, king of the East-Angles, assassinated. He was a munificent prince, noted as the founder of churches, schools and monasteries; supposed to have been the founder of Cambridge university.
1087. William(the 2nd), surnamed Rufus, crowned at Westminster. In his reign Malcolm of Scotland was slain at Alnwich by the earl of Northumberland, whose spear piercing Malcolm’s eye, gave to Northumberland the surname of Percy(p’ eye).
1106. Battle before the walls of Tinchebrai, between the two brothers, Henry of England and Robert of Normandy, in which the latter was defeated and imprisoned nearly thirty years.
1415. The reduction of Harfleur, in France, by Henry(the 5th), of England; he rifled the town of its affluent stores, and dismissed the inhabitants with five pennies.
1540. Pope Paul(the 3rd) confirmed the order of the Jesuits, and authorized its establishment.
1563. Nicholas Episcopius(or rather Bishop), a celebrated printer of Basil, died at London, where he had fled from France to avoid persecution.
1566. Mark Jerome Vida, a celebrated Latin poet, died, aged 96. Many tributes of praise have been paid to his genius and merits.
1615. Arabella Stuart died insane in the Tower of London.
1700. Innocent(the 12th)(Anthony Pignatelli), pope, died. He protested against the system adopted by his predecessors, of paying particular honors to the relations of the popes, and condemned Fenelon’s Maxims of the Saints.
1715. Thomas Burnet, a learned and ingenious English writer, died; author of the Sacred Theory of the Earth, which was very popular.
1719. George Smalridge, bishop of Bristol, died; an elegant theological writer.
1729. Great fire in Constantinople, which consumed 12,000 houses. 7000 persons are said to have perished in the flames.
1730. Lawrence Eusden, an English divine and poet, died. He was preferred to the laureateship.
1731. A gang of felons, 130 in number, were taken from Newgate, and put aboard a ship to be transported to America, to colonize the country. In the next century they sent their felons to Botany Bay, and their paupers to America, several shiploads having been discharged on the coast, entirely destitute, directly from poor-houses.
1736. Rene Duguay Trouin died; a celebrated French admiral, who displayed the greatest skill, united with the most consummate wisdom.
1741. Dominic Perennin died at Pekin; a French Jesuit, who was sent on a mission to China, where he was well received by the emperor.
1743. The first act of governor Clinton was to dissolve the legislature, and issue writs the same day for convening another.
1749. John Sargent, a noted missionary among the Indians, died at Stockbridge.
1751. A mosaic pavement and other relics of Roman antiquity discovered at Avenches, in the canton of Bern.
1759. Isaac Maddox, bishop of Worcester, died. He rose to preferment from a very low station in life, and was conspicuous for the many benevolent institutions which he promoted.
1772. James Brindley died; an extraordinary mechanical genius, particularly successful in planning and executing projects of internal navigation, which were done without any drawing or model.
1775. Edward Lovibond died; an English poet of considerable talents.
1777. The American frigate Delaware, 32 guns, anchored within 500 yards of the unfinished British batteries at Philadelphia and seconded by another frigate and some smaller vessels commenced a heavy fire upon them. She grounded and struck her colors, and the other vessels were compelled to retire.
1782. Hyder Ally defeated by the British under sir Eyre Coote.
1783. Stephen Bezout died; a French writer on mathematics, navigation and algebra.
1799. Rome, the eternal city, surrendered to the British.
1805. William Moultrie, a distinguished officer of the revolution, died. He was a member of congress at the commencement of the war, and made a brave defence of Sullivan’s island in 1776.
1810. Battle of Sierra Busaco, in Portugal; the French under Massena defeated with a loss of about 5000, by the British and Portuguese under Wellington, who lost 1000.
1811. Battle of Aldea de Ponte; the French under Marmont attacked the British general Cole; but were unsuccessful.
1811. Bonaparte established a maritime conscription in the Hanseatic towns.
1812. Americans under colonel Newman defeated a party of Indians under king Paine, who was killed. A second attack was made by 200 Indians to recover his body, in which they succeeded, but with great loss.
1813. Americans under general Harrison landed in Canada, and in one hour took possession of Malden, evacuated by general Proctor after burning the fort and stores.
This content is taken from “The Every Day Book of History and Chronology”, Written by Joel Munsell.
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