The Jesuit Order, which has brought so much bloodshed and suffering upon the world, originated with a man named Ignatius de Loyola, born in 1491. Loyola was a Spanish basque who became a fanatical Romanist after living a debauched life as a soldier. Amidst much fasting and self-flagellation he claimed to have many visions of God and of Mary, the Roman Catholic goddess. In Spain he studied Romanist theology, and wrote a book entitled The Spiritual Exercises. This was to become the textbook of the Jesuit Order.